Eliminate and prevent the pain on the outside of your knee when cycling by following these simple tips!
Patient Presentation: History, Background, and Complaints
Brodie B. presented to my office when the pain on the outside of his knee when cycling made it difficult to continue randonneuring through the sequoias, and caused a hitch in his step when he stopped to have his brevet stamped at the summit of the Titans Grove KOM.
It was obvious that Brodie was having a bad day when he could be overheard saying, “I forgot my cycling shoes on the way to the ‘control’ and had to borrow a pair.” He wondered if this had anything to do with it. It was 1,000K ago.
Brodie complained of the following symptoms:
While Brodie’s lower body strength appeared good, he did demonstrate weakness when attempting to rotate his hip outward. Most significant, however, was the extreme tightness he displayed on the outside of his hip and thigh, which when stretched while he bent his knee produced clicking and pain on the outer portion of his knee.
Diagnosis: What is it Called?
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Describes symptoms caused by inflammation of the iliotibial band (or IT band). The IT band is a connective tissue structure which travels along the outside of the thigh from the hip to the knee, whereupon it becomes thickened at its attachment. With tightness of the IT band, that fibrous attachment creates inflammation-causing friction as it rubs excessively against the bone or bursa resulting in swelling and discomfort.
Etiology: What Causes It?
Irritation due to the repetitive nature of the pedal stroke if performed improperly or if problematic, especially if improper positioning causes abnormal stress to the outer portion of the knee.
Muscle Imbalance or Weakness
Stiffness or shortening of the IT band due to prolonged repetitive exercise while improperly positioned or if a congenital musculoskeletal predisposition exists. Or weakness of the external hip rotator muscles and glutes which when fatigued allow the leg to turn inward.
Without strong back and abdominal muscles there is no foundation for strength production by the legs and an inconsistent and improper pedal stroke can result.
The residual effects of prior trauma or recent injury can cause significant and limiting knee pain.
Improper positioning on the bike causes repetitive stress-causing inflammation and pain in the affected area.
Treatment: What Can You Do About It?
Referral: When is it Time to Ask For Help?
The Expected Outcome: Conclusion
Pain on the outside of the knee, often the result of excessive tightness of the musculoskeletal structures on the outer thigh, can be chronic and negatively affect cycling performance and enjoyment. The good news is that Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome is effectively treated and even avoided by following the simple tips outlined above.
Brodie B., convinced that by following a consistent stretching and recovery plan he would be able to once again ride pain free, had this to say as he set off without a hitch, “Now off to collect my Brevet d’Audax.”
In the next instalment in this series, learn what may be causing the pain on the back of your knee and what you can do to keep riding without performance limiting discomfort.
What about you?
Have you suffered from IT Band syndrome? If yes, let your fellow virtual cyclists know what worked best for you.
Semi-retired as owner and director of his private Orthopedic Physical Therapy practice after over 20 years, Chris is blessed with the freedom to pursue his passion for virtual cycling and writing. On a continual quest to give back to his bike for all the rewarding experiences and relationships it has provided him, he created a non-profit. Chris is committed to helping others with his bike through its work and the pages of his site.
In the summer of 2022, he rode 3,900 miles from San Francisco to New York to support the charity he founded, TheDIRTDadFund. His “Gain Cave” resides on the North Fork of Long Island, where he lives with his beautiful wife and is proud of his two independent children.
You will read him promoting his passion on the pages of Cycling Weekly, Cycling News, road.cc, Zwift Insider, and Bicycling. Chris is co-host of The Virtual Velo Podcast, too!